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origin, size, health and behavior

The Australian Cattle Dog is a dog from the herding family. It is a herding dog perfectly adapted to cattle. More details about this breed.

The origins of the Australian Cattle Dog

An Australian Cattle Dog walking in the forest Credit: Irina Nedikova

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lover of the dog breed, this article is made for you! In case you prefer cats, you can always read on, maybe you will change your mind. Indeed, throughout the text, we will talk about the australian mountain dog. In English, the Australian Cattle Dog is called australian cattle dog. Why in English? Quite simply because the herdsman is from australia.

The Australian Cattle Dog is not one of those so-called “pure” dog breeds. The birth of the Australian Cattle Dog is the result of several crosses, until arriving at a dog fit for work. Moreover, it is important to remember that the breeds of shepherds are made for work within herds of cattle, hence the name “shepherd”. The Australian Cattle Dog comes from the cross between the goofy and of various breeds of British Collies. Specifically, the Australian Cattle Dog appears in Australia in the second half of the 19th century. The bouvier that we know today had its standard established in 2012.

Among the other names of the Australian Cattle Dog, apart from Australian Cattle Dog, we also have:

  • Australian Shepherd Dog;
  • Australian Kelpie;
  • Australian shepherd.

The primary role of the Australian Cattle Dog is driving herds of cattle. It therefore stands out from other breeds of shepherds, who are more qualified to drive sheep.

In 2016, the Australian Cattle Dog holds the place 20th most popular breed, in terms of registration in the French Book of Origins (LOF). It is part of group 1: Sheepdogs and cattle dogs.

The price of an Australian Cattle Dog is on average €900. This price can go up to 1,100 €. This price may seem high. However, it remains correct, if compared to the price of a puppy of another breed such as the bull terrier (1,100 to 1,700 €), the Afghan hound (1,200 to 1,400 €) or even the Brittany spaniel (1,000 to 1,600 €).

Today the Australian cattle dog is present in many countries of the world, and no longer just in Australia. It is particularly appreciated as pet dog, by his gentle, loving and affectionate character.

The size and morphology of the Australian Cattle Dog

An Australian Cattle Dog lying in fallen leaves Credit: Carmelka

The Australian Cattle Dog has physical characteristics similar to other herding breeds. This means that at first glance it is directly possible to define that it is a shepherd. However, like all dogs, it has its own physical characteristics.

The Australian Cattle Dog has a smooth hair. His undercoat is dense and short. Its outer coat is tight, straight, hard and lying flat. Therefore, if you pass your hand over its fur, it will automatically return to its place. Thanks to this type of fur, the Australian Cattle Dog is perfectly protected against water. Indeed, his coat gives him a optimal waterproofness.

The colorof an Australian cattle dog is not very different from any other breed of herder. However, its color has some unique features. There are two color options for the Herdsman:

  • Speckled Blue : predominantly blue, blue with slight mottling or speckled blue;
  • Trout of red : some red marks present on the whole of the body, and on the undercoat.

About the cutthe Australian Cattle Dog is a small dog. Males usually measure between 46 and 51cmand the females between 43 and 48cm. With regard to weight, the herdsman weighs on average between 20 and 30kg. One of the characteristics that make the beauty of the Spanish Cattle Dog is the harmony of the size of its head with the proportions of its body. Its broad skull, slightly convex between the ears, has a light and clear stop. It is important to mention that his head is neither too big nor too small for his body.

Like all dogs in general, the Australian Cattle Dog has excellent hearing. This is mainly due to the fact that good hearing is necessary for outdoor work. Its ears are of moderate size. Erect and well separated at the attachment, they are wide at their base and become more refined as they rise.

the body du bouvier is harmonious, although small in size. Its strong back is emphasized by a horizontal line. His broad and muscular loin supports a long sloping croup. Her moderately broad chest is well let down, which adds to her vibrancy.

His eyes ovals are usually tinted a dark brown color. They perfectly translate his lively and intelligent character.

Finally, the Australian Cattle Dog has a long tail which reaches the hock. Unlike that of a bull terrier or a greyhound, its tail is well furnished in terms of hair. At rest, it hangs and curves slightly. When she wakes up, she stays up.

The behavior of the Australian Cattle Dog

An Australian Cattle Dog at the edge of a pond Credit: WOLFAVNI

Of all the animals, the dog is reputed to bethe most loyal. And the Australian cattle dog does not budge. Indeed, it is one of those dog breeds that are extremely loyal to their master. You should still know that only the master and those who usually rub shoulders with him benefit from his affection. The Australian Cattle Dog does not necessarily show himself to be demonstrative with people outside their usual environment. Equipped with a guard instinct very marked, it is a dog that is very wary of strangers. Thus, a period of adaptation is required to tame it. It also has a very strong protective instinct towards his master.

The Australian cattle dog is ideal for a life with children. He is all the more protective of his master’s children. Loyalty and protection are two of the main character traits of the Australian Cattle Dog. Therefore, you can be sure that your children are safe with this breed of dog.

The Australian Cattle Dog has a cheerful and playful personality. Additionally, it tends to excel at occupation, intelligence and thinking games. This is due to the fact that it is scheduled for work. Therefore, he must exteriorize his overflowing energy. However, despite appearances, the Australian Cattle Dog remains a dog calm. This does not detract from the fact that he is constantly vigilant and in awakening.

The Australian cattle dog is an extremely intelligent dog. It is through this that its status as a “working dog” is expressed. Indeed, guarding and driving herdsmen are his favorite areas. This is what makes it a dog greatly appreciated in its country of origin. In addition to this, the Australian Cattle Dog is also a very good farm keeper.

Nevertheless, the Australian Cattle Dog is a dog that tends to easily bored. Although he has become an excellent companion animal, he is still a dog made for the job. It is therefore more comfortable in an open environment where he can run and exert himself as he pleases. He is one of those breeds of dogs that are not comfortable in apartments. Moreover, he can’t stand loneliness. These periods should therefore not be extended under any circumstances. In addition, it is necessary to occupy it continuously to make it pass the time. If this is not the case, he risks developing a certain destructive behavior. He then begins to damage the property in a house for no real reason. Fortunately, he never attacks the cattle he has to drive. It can certainly destroy easily, but is not in no way attracted to hunting.

That he’s smart makes him a dog docile, obedient and easy to train. Which can be a double-edged sword. Having a smart dog can be as easy as it is complicated. It is imperative to start education as early as possibleand to get started in such a way coherent and diligent. Otherwise, it can very quickly become unmanageable. You should know that the education and training of a puppy are easier than those of an adult dog. Plus, getting a puppy into good habits is relatively simple. The master must therefore take action quickly and do not skimp on time or resources.

Australian Cattle Dog Health and Diet

An Australian Cattle Dog sitting on a rock in the desert Credit: Richard McCracken

In terms of health, the Australian Cattle Dog is unfortunately the victim of hereditary diseasesincluding:

  • Deafnesscongenital : this type of deafness affects a large part of the Australian cattle dog population. In any case, deafness problems affect less and less current generations. Thanks to well-studied selection, scientists are increasingly decreasing the rate of deafness in Australian Cattle Dogs. To avoid early deafness, it is best to clean your dog’s ears regularly;
  • Progressive retinal atrophyaffecting his eyesight little by little;
  • Hip dysplasia anddysplasia of the elbow.

Therefore, an annual routine check-up with a veterinarian is recommended. Thus, if certain signs of disease are noticed, it is possible to treat them as soon as possible. If you see that he tends more and more to remain inactive, it is surely time to consult. An Australian Cattle Dog rarely stay still. It can be any health problem that needs to be addressed as soon as possible.

It is imperative for the Australian Cattle Dog to exercise. And who says big energy expenditure says naturally food adapted. His diet should be rich, healthy and balanced. It is therefore recommended to homemade meal mixer and high quality croquettes. The best way for your Australian Cattle Dog to adopt a suitable diet is always to ask your veterinarian for advice. Know that a good diet is just as beneficial for the coat and the fur of the bouvier in general. With a balanced diet, your dog is less likely to shed prematurely.

It is important to specify that life with a dog is made of responsibilities. This is even more the case with an Australian Cattle Dog. His perpetual need for attention should not be taken lightly. His well-being is concerned. So you have to give yourself the means to make it perfectly comfortable. In addition to giving him the opportunity to play and exercise, we must also think about his food. It is imperative to feed it properly. Otherwise, your dog’s life could be at stake.

Make sure your dog’s food is always fresh so that he stays healthy. Avoid give him leftovers or even first price croquettes. For the boneit is better to give them raw to an Australian Cattle Dog. Cooked, they risk losing the nutrients necessary for his health and proper development, both for his body and for his brain. However, under no circumstances should brittle or undersized bones be given to an Australian Cattle Dog, or any breed of dog for that matter. Unlike cats, dogs do not have the ability to swallow this type of bone. So prefer beef marrow bones. You can easily find it in any butcher shop.

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